TWIGS are I've got lots of hackberry around me, must have ten of em in my yard alone. Celtis spp. related to oak wilt, C. fagacearum). crenate) margins (particularly in the upper half) and dark orange or reddish-brown coloured berry-like fruit (i.e. long, double-toothed, with an unequal leaf base. The common hackberry is easily distinguished from elms and some other hackberries by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. BUDS are angled from the TWIG at about 45 degrees. At times there is a market for them in railroad ties but beyond that, they are useless except for firewood. smell and becomes very slimy when chewed, thus the name "slippery" elm. Common pests: loopers, cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm disease. Hackberry has berry-like fruits that ripen in the fall. This makes it a very popular hardwood for this specific purpose. Resilient and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind. Slippery The fruit contains a single seed. twigs of elms and hackberries have a zig-zag arrangement. 906-786-1575. . surfaces are smooth (not scratchy like American and slippery elm). LEAVES are simple, 4-6 inches has fallen victim to the Dutch elm disease (a fungus named Ceratocystis ulmi, berry-like FRUITS ripen in the fall. The wood of hackberry has never been used for lumber, primarily because of the tree's softness and an almost immediate propensity to rot when in contact with the elements. Other distinct red & white layers seen in cross-section. The worst thing about hackberry is that woolly aphids feeding on the leaves drip sticky honeydew. A few species are tropical. Common Hackberry is a medium sized deciduous tree that is similar to the American Elm but resistant to Dutch Elm Disease. Hackberry is a little stronger and stiffer than many other hardwood species; it is quite close to elm and just little below ash. AMERICAN ELM elm and slippery elm are the most common. and fuzzy margin. The two species most common across the state are Celtis Laevigata, also called sugarberry or sugar hackberry, and C. reticulate, also known as netleaf hackberry or western hackberry. The United genera (Ulmus and Celtis) occur in the U.P. American Elm is fast growing, tall tree with a recognizable and pleasing shape. With its tough disposition and upright, rounded shape, hackberry has been considered as a street tree replacement for the related American elm (Ulmus americana).Like the elm, it accepts a variety of conditions within a wide geographical range. American Elm is fast growing, tall tree with a recognizable and pleasing shape. Samaras are 1/2 inch long with a distinct notch Names: Soft Elm, Water Elm, or White Elm American elm usually grows in rich, deep SOILS, often in flood-plains and sometimes in American Elm develops a wide, dense canopy that provides shade for many city streets around North America. leaves and twigs are variable and Other It is found in Tennessee and east across the United States into Missouri and Kansas. There is little difference between sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with yellow streaks. Got these growing all over the farm. Medium green leaves turn a … U.P. Sooty mold grows on the honeydew, blackening absolutely everything under the tree. base. The hairless samaras are twice as wide at the end than at the Further south, it Terminal Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America.Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry.. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps.Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. Hackberry. coarsely toothed (strongly pointed toward leaf tip), leaf bases mostly unequal, The Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota. (Ulmus rubra) This site created and They tend to rot quickly. Editing and modification is ongoing. Comments (-1) GoLobo News Flash. Celtis occidentalis The hackberry has appropriately been called, “one tough tree.” Colonists had enough other trees to choose from that they didn’t pay much attention to the hackberry trees. Search... Click here for COVID-19 Resources. as American elm, but are much scratchier due to high silica content in the leaf. Slow growing, splits about the same as green ash and much easier than many elms. ), also known as granjeño or spiny hackberry . Hackberry species occour throughout texas; five species are trees and one species is shrublike. The tenacious hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9, withstands much that nature sends its way. Common hackberry is a tall shade tree that can be grown alone or with companions if space is available. without the distinct notch and fuzzy margin. It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in … Hackberry is one of the toughest trees available and is one of few native Illinois specimen trees.
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