If the leaves do not usually have large, regular teeth, it is not pure American. Chestnut trees are of moderate growth rate (for the Chinese chestnut tree) to fast-growing for American and European species. For a large spread, chestnuts can be grown at 65ft (20m) apart. In 2001, PA-TACF began a pro-gram that aims to increase the Chapter’s inclu- A wide hole is better than a very deep one. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Refer to Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky (ID-77) for recommended varieties. At least two different Chinese chestnut trees are needed to ensure adequate pollination. ences in chestnut species, and also offer a great visual representation of how breeding works. A full answer includes both the tree of that name and the nut of that tree. Spacing Tree Height Age to First Age to Full Yield per Tree Productive at Maturity ... ests and, by the mid 1950s, the American chestnut tree population had been virtually destroyed. If a tree has leaves or twigs with noticeable hair, it is not pure American. Planting pollinator plants. American Chestnut Burs: A dense mass of long, slender spines Spines are 2 to 3 cm long, 0.5 mm thick Up to 3 nuts per bur. 14 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The inner nut, with pale golden meat, is delicious. You can use chestnuts in poultry stuffing, toss them into soups, or eat them in salads. Planning and Early Care Chestnut trees need abundant sunlight (six or more hours of direct summer sun) and fertile, well-drained and slightly acidic soil. Bark The bark of American chestnut trees will feel smooth to the touch and look reddish-brown to the eye. Instead, pick a growing site with good air circulation. If space is limited and high early yields are desired, chestnut trees can be planted at a 20-30 foot by 20-30 foot spacing. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut is a fast growing tree reaching heights of 40’ to 60’. The twigs are also covered with fuzzy hairs, particularly near the tips. Plant one of these varieties within 50' for best pollination. These trees are tolerant to low pH as well as low fertility. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests. Many nut trees have just one main root, almost like a giant skinny carrot. Highly resistant to chestnut blight, sets 75-100 pounds of nuts per season. You’ll also need at least two to pollinate each other, no more than 200 feet apart and a minimum of 25-40 feet apart. When you decide to start planting American chestnut trees, it’s important to begin early in the spring. If you are interested in growing Chinese chestnuts, start with well-drained, loamy soil. Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. The tree produces delicious and edible nuts called chestnuts or Chinese chestnuts. Although Chinese chestnut trees become drought tolerant as their root systems establish, you should provide ample water if you want the tree to grow well and produce nuts. Dunstan Chestnuts can get large, as much as 60’ tall and 40’ wide. These Fall Draw Chinese Chestnuts have excellent resistance to blight. Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins, often shrubby,  to the giant of past American forests, C. dentata that could reach 60 m . American chestnut trees are more upright, while the Chinese chestnut is wider and more spreading. They can also be ground into a healthy and delicious flour and used to make pancakes, muffins, or other breads. Chestnuts grow on the trees inside spikey burs, each about an inch (2.5 cm.) Chestnut trees should be planted in soil with good drainage. TREE SPACING. When the nuts are ripe, the burs fall from the trees and split open on the ground beneath. The MSR/CMS and American germplasm re-serve orchard. tant to chestnut blight, and cultivars that produce the largest nuts such as Qing. Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) trees can take almost anything winter has to offer, even temperatures below -20 degrees. The leaves are glossy and dark green. In winter, American chestnut trees may grow a slight fuzz of hair on the twigs and bugs, but the fuzziness is much more pronounced in Chinese chestnuts. Starting As tree branches begin to touch around year 15, the orchard should be thinned to every other tree to reduce shading Most markets require large chestnuts. Square feet per acre (43560)/ tree spacing squared = trees needed at the selected spacing. Chinese chestnut tree twigs have a grayish tint to them. This handsome tree has dark green glossy foliage, thrives in many types of soil and grows 40-60 ft. at maturity. The American chestnut tree is a very large timber type tree with relatively small chestnuts. PROTECT YOUR NUTS!! If you've never tried Chinese chestnuts before, you are in for a treat! If the guidelines below still leave you uncertain about a particular tree, more study may be necessary to make the identification. American Nut —— Chinese Nut . The chestnut tree's flowers are long, drooping catkins that appear in the spring. The area beneath sweet chestnuts makes a good summer sitting area. Read on to learn how to grow Chinese chestnut trees. Twig cankers are possible. It is hardy from zone 4, and resistant to heat and humidity. The Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) is easy to transplant and establishes itself quickly in your yard. Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. At maturity Chinese chestnuts will fully occupy the land at a spacing of 40 X 40 ft (or even wider), but it takes up to 20 years to reach full occupation at this spacing. Category: Shrubs. Now that I have removed the overhanging shading oaks I should start seeing some chestnut production. The Chinese Chestnut is a beautiful and ornamental large shade tree to plant in your lawn, or with other trees. Each bur holds at least one and sometimes as many as three shiny, brown nuts. Tree & Plant Care. For a large spread, chestnuts can be grown at 65ft (20m) apart. Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) Genus: Xanthoceras (zan-tho-KER-as) Species: sorbifolium (sor-bee-FOH-lee-um) 2 vendors have this plant for sale. A full answer includes both the tree of that name and the nut of that tree. Many factors determine the suitability of a site for chestnut production. We recommend a 30’x30’ (54 trees per acre) or 40’x40’ (25 trees per acre) spacing for planting. Pollination. Custom grafted trees may Chinese Chestnut (23) $29.99 Out of Stock Auburn Homestead Chestnut (2) $44.99. Probably not the best arrangement. These trees can reach up to 100 feet in height and so you need to be sure your garden has enough space to accommodate such a big plant. American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) once grew in vast forests across the eastern half of the country, but they were virtually wiped out by a disease called chestnut blight several decades ago.